Brook Trout or Speckled Trout are chiefly a freshwater game fish (Salvelinus fontinalis) having a dark body with light-coloured spots.
Brook Trout are native to Eastern North America and widely introduced elsewhere.
Brook Trout are also called Speckled Trout, Squaretail.
What Speckled Trout or Brook Trout look like:
- Back is olive-green, brown or black;
- Belly is silvery or white;
- Light wormlike markings and spots on dark background, some red and blue;
- White leading edge on lower fins, set off by black line;
- Square tail;
- Mouth extends backwards to well beyond the eye.
Size of Speckled Trout or Brook Trout:
- Length: 15-40 centimetres (6-16 inches);
- Weight: 0.45-1.36 kilograms (1-3 pounds);
- Ontario record: 6.6 kilograms (14.5 pounds).
Similar fish to the Speckled Trout or Brook Trout:
- Lake Trout.
Where a Speckled Trout or Brook Trout is found:
- Much of Ontario from the small brooks of southern Ontario farmland to the larger rivers, ponds and lakes of the North.
Habitat of the Speckled Trout or Brook Trout:
- A year-round supply of cold, clear water;
- Plenty of cover from overhanging branches, logs and rocks;
- Streams with cool, quiet pools between runs of fast water and rapids;
- Clear, cold lakes and beaver ponds.
Angling tips for Speckled Trout or Brook Trout:
- Found near overhanging trees, submerged wood, rocky points and shoals;
- Inland-lake brook trout are most active during spring and fall;
- River brook trout stay in cold pools at the base of falls and rapids through the summer, spread out during the spring and fall;
- Worms and other natural baits are preferred during high-water periods;
- Use a flyrod and flies as water temperature rises, and trout move from deep pools into riffles in search of insects;
- Use a light-action rod and a spinning reel holding 4 pound test.
Common baits for the Speckled Trout or Brook Trout:
- Small minnow-imitating plugs;
- Spoons, jigs, spinners;
- Artificial flies;
- Worms, minnows, leeches, insects.
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